Sri Aurobindo Ghose: Contribution to Indian English Poetry

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      Introduction:- Sri Aurobindo Ghose (1872 to 1950) Indian nationalist and mystic philosopher, rank among the great personalities of modern India. He is a multifaceted genius - political revolutionary, social reformer, historian, educationist, philosopher, Yogi and above all men of letters. He is a journalist, editor, literary critics, linguist translator, essayist, short story writer, dramatist and more than all of those a great poet.
Sri Aurobindo Ghose's poetry is meant to Bridge the present and the future
Sri Aurobindo Ghose

      His Learning:- K.R Srinivasa says, that "Aurobindo was not merely a writer who happened to write in English but really an English writer". infact often spending his early days in England and then returning to Baroda, he reorients his western studies with the study of Sanskrit and modern Indian languages. By the process he gains contact with Indian heritage through program of rigorous scholarship. He gain a deep insight into Indian culture and civilization. This learning moulds his poetry and philosophy.

      A Quest After a Long Drive:- Sri Aurobindo Ghose's poetry is meant to Bridge the present and the future, self divided present life and life divine that is to be teachings emphasize two way path to solution. Enlightenment come from the divinity above but human beings possess a spiritual 'super mind' that enables them to reach upward toward illumination. Spiritual perfection is achieved through yoga practices that lead to the the ultimate fusion of these two drives.

      "Songs to Myrtle" and "Urvasie" are his earliest poem published respectively in 1895 and in 1896. "The Life Divine" 1940 is an evolution of thought through love which is tranced even for his earlier poems does he says:-

"Love is divine. Love is the hope of the gods. Heart to combine"

      Love is not love if it is a curse in evil; great and true love is a power and it can break open the doors of captivity it can change gross to gold it can defy death or it is not love.  The lovers in "Urvasie" fail for their limitation in ultimate realisation. But Savitri in "Savitri" (1954) along who do fuses the lesser and the greater realisation in to an integral and to tell transformation of limited human life into the fullness and splendor of the "Life Divine". "Even in a Tree" his earlier poem contains his philosophy in which he sees us as divided beings, one part of us happy with us present attainment, another thirsting for higher thing. In "Life and Death" he tells that death is life disguised; that what appears to be death is another kind of life. In "Savitri" too at the climactic moment in the epic, it is death itself which reveals its true face as the the supreme Lord of life and delight.

      The Ultimate Realisation:- Aurobindo's philosophical and mystical glow is through an integral view of man, nature and will change the face of the world. In Savitri his masterpiece, he succeeds to great extent in expressing most mystic experiences and yogi's realisation. Aurobindo arrives at the conclusion that releases from bandage to  change with the secret knowledge, the soul achieves and complete spiritual transformation. Savitri is cast for minutely cosmic role of struggle and redemption, and is the incarnation of divine mother. Savitri is both the response and the the resulting transformation.

      Conclusion:- Sri Aurobindo is a skillful craftsmen in the use of blank verse and felicity in poetic expression. his grand and mystic style in poetic work are ample testimony of his stupendous achievement.

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