What is Carpe Diem in the poem To His Coy Mistress?

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      The phrase Carpe Diem has come from Latin and used by roman poet Horace, which means 'pluck the day' or 'seize the day' the meaning of the phrase is a deep one. It means the proper utilisation of time. Philosophically it serves the purpose of 'bring joy in every bit moment of second' in once life. It appears in verious form of literary art, but Andrew Marvell prominently put it in his metaphysical verses.

Carpe Diem in English poetry
Carpe Diem

      Time is an substance to the existence that is eternal and never changing. It is essential to the basic mankind to live their life as if it is the only one they have, hence the tale of seize the day or carpe diem. In Andrew Marvell’s poem, 'To His Coy Mistress', the speaker of the poem exercise the carpe diem, the affair to try and get into bed with a young mistress who is protecting herself for marriage. Andrew Marvell leash carpe diem in his poem, “To His Coy Mistress”, by using symbolism.


     Marvell's theme in the poem To His Coy Mistress is traditional based on the Carpe Diem concept. So popular in his time, through entire poem the poet says if there were enough space and time for human beings to enjoy, the coyness of the poets beloved would be nothing wrong. The lady and him would then pass their time quite carelessly and even carry on their affairs of love for almost an infinite time. But there is no infinite time and place. The poet feels threatened at the constant and fast flight of time. He reminds his Lady love of the futility of her virgin honour to keep off from him, her body which would be a matter of mare enjoyment for the worms after her death. So the poet wants her to 'seize the tim' and utilise their day and moments as much as they can. In this way the poet has marvelously used the Latin expression Carpe Diem in this poem to his Coy mistress.

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