Indian Novelist: Mulk Raj Anand, R.K Narayan and Raja Rao

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      It is significant coincident that of Mulk Raj Anand, R.K Narayan and Raja Rao the three major writer of Indian novel in English belong to the thirties of the twentieth century. There prolific literacy output defined the Gandhian dream of India. Their blend of political ideology and social realism insured that the english prose fiction would be the medium for the definition of a new India and aspiration. We will now carry a few sketches of those three novelist life and literary output.

Mulk Raj Anand. R.K Narayan & Raja Rao the three major writer of Indian novel in english literature in India.
R.K Narayan, Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand

      Mulk Raj Anand, the eldest of the three has also been the most prolific, who was born in Peshawar. His father was a coppersmith who join the Army early in life and his mother was a peasant. He graduated from Punjab University and left for England for his higher studies. On returning to India he come under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi and prepared the first draught of "Untouchable" which depicts the life of a hereditary latrine cleaner. In Coolie his next novel he deals with the life of an itinerant labour. In "The Sword and The Sickle", profit and loss have replaced the traditional moral value in 1937 published "Two Levels of a Bud" which established his fame. His other nobles include "The Big Heart", "Lament on The Death of a Master of Arts", "Private life of an Indian Prince", "Seven Summers" and "The Old Woman and The Cow.

      Anand, wrote his novels chiefly in the pre Independence days. So the relationship between the Sahibs and the natives from an important theme of the novels. In his earlier novels he champions the cause of the the underdogs and points to their dehumanization under the degrading contradictions of cruelty and dirt the superstitions.

      R.K Narayan is a pure artist who has adopted the theory art for artist sake. But it does not connote that he is a novelist without any philosophy of life. He has a broad vision of life. There is a unique morality and philosophy in his novels. But his art is free from didacticism. Narayan is a penetrating commentator and analyst of human motives and human passion. In other words the spring of human actions and human conduct is properly portrayed. He has very minute observations. Human relation emergence out of the family circles. He presents the relationship circling around sex and money, which constantly recur in his stories and his themes are very e effective. Thus we learn from them how to establish right relationships.

      Narayan's novels written before independence include "Swami and Friends", " The Bachelor of Arts", "The Dark Room" and "The English Teacher" his art reached its maturity after independence when he was finally able to enlist he is good humoured irony as a farm ally of serious model concern in three novels - The Financial Expert, The Guide, The Man Eater of Malgudi, the kite is undoubtedly Narayan finest noble. His other novels written after independence include "Mr Sampath", " Waiting for the Mahatma", "The Vendor of Sweets" and "The Painter of Signs" and so on.

      Raja Rao, belongs to an ancient Brahmin family of Mysore. He receives his early education from Muslin Aligarh Muslim University. Raja Rao has been familiar with variety of language Kannada, Telugu, Urdu, English and even French etc. He is wide learning and the discovery of the mantra of true in the classical literature of Ancient India lead him as a creative artist.

      His first novel in English "Kanthapura" (1938) which is about the Gandhi and Satyagraha movement in a South Indian village. His "Serpent and the Rope" appears in 1960 which is an exploration of supernatural encounter. Here is his examination of the east west dilemma characterized by a deep source of crisis in human relationships. Raja Rao's next novel "Comrade Carillon" explodes the depth of the mind and soul of an orthodox Brahman communist who is a a confused bundle of contradictions. Artistically Rao is important because of his unique formal and thematic accomplishment in Indian in English. Although his five novels seem modest in comparison to others. Raja Rao's achievement is probably more impressive for its seasoned off true of self and of art.

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