How to Classify Classic, Greek and Romantic Tragedy

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     Tragedy can be classified in two ways with reference to its form or structure and with reference to its matter or theme. From the earliest time broadly speaking tragedy has asumed only two forms Classical and Romantic.

     The Classical Tragedy was based on Greek conventions and traditions. The main features of the classical types are observance of what are called the three unities and the employment of the Chorus. In a classical tragedy the unity of time place and action is strictly observed and maintained. But the Romantic Tragedy is built on a different plan. It is not continued by the law of the three unities. In a classical tragedy the Chorus is the another noteworthy element consisting of a body of actors, whose business it was to report what happened off the stage and to make moral comments from time to time. But in a Romantic Tragedy the employment of the Chorus found missing sometimes.

     The Classical Tragedy is essentially religious in its theme as well as spirit, centring round the divine power to direct and shape the human destiny. But from the stand point of the matter or theme romantic tragedy treats numerous themes on subject matters. And finally the Classical theatrical tradition is found to have employed heavy custom, obstructive cothurnus and the loosely hanging mask as there techniques of presentation. Where as no such complex technical elements are found employed in a Romantic Tragedy.

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