Lydia-Wickham Episode in Pride and Prejudice

Also Read

      Pride and Prejudice has a well-knit, coherent plot where all events and characters are integrated and exemplify the same theme. The Lydia-Wickham episode is one of the sub-plots of the novel and contributes much to the main plot of the Elizabeth-Darcy courtship and marriage.

Wickham as a Foil to Darcy

      Wickham’s first importance is to deepen Elizabeth’s prejudice against Darcy. Darcy appears proud and forbidding when he mortifies Elizabeth by refusing to dance with her for she is not sufficiently beautiful to tempt him. His haughtiness and general demeanour make him unlikeable to Mrs. Bennet, Elizabeth, the whole of Meryton and infact even to the reader, who all wish to see this proud man from Derbyshire receive a set-down. And Wickham in the early chapters seems to be just the person to do it.

      He is precisely what Darcy is not — pleasant and charming and more to Elizabeth’s point he is attentive to her unlike Darcy who had ignored her. When he first meets Elizabeth, he singles her out and make her his confidant. Elizabeth enamoured by his grace, charm and attentiveness flirts with him and is so taken in by his polished manners that she is ready to believe the slanderous falsehoods that Wickham has to tell about Darcy. Thus, Wickham’s integral in driving the wedge of prejudice deeper in Elizabeth, alienating her further from Darcy. Significantly Darcy’s supposed villainy towards Wickham is one of Elizabeth’s reasons for refusing Darcy’s first proposal at Hunsford. Wickham is therefore, integral to the main plot of the Elizabeth-Darcy affair.

The Elopement

      The Lydia-Wickham elopement comes off exactly at the moment when Elizabeth starts cherishing hopes of marriage with Darcy. Just as Wickham had jeopardized any attraction between Elizabeth and Darcy by deepening Elizabeth’s prejudice in the beginning and just as Lydia’s foolish and flirtatious behaviour had initially hardened Darcy against the vulgarity of the Bennet family, the two by eloping together jeopardize the chances of Jane and Elizabeth to happy marriages with Bingley and Darcy. But the set-back is merely temporary though essential in highlighting the true feelings of Elizabeth and Darcy. Elizabeth’s sense of frustration suggests her newly acquired feeling for him. It helps her to realize that Darcy is exactly the man, who, in disposition and talents is most suited to her. Darey too gets the opportunity to prove to Elizabeth that he has shed his earlier pride and reveals his real and inherent nobility. His love for Elizabeth is deep enough for him to overcome his disgust for Wickham and associate himself with the Bennet family's disgrace by marrying Elizabeth. His gallantry and nobility are revealed when he even pays off Wickham’s debts, buys him a new commission in the army and forces him to marry Lydia. Thus, the Lydia-Wickham sub-plot is integral to the main plot of Elizabeth and Darcy and is instrumental in providing the initial conflict. It also finally paves the way for the Elizabeth-Darcy marriage.

A Marriage Based on Passion and Economics

      The Lydia-Wickham episode is relevant too in exemplifying the theme of marriage in the novel. Theirs is a marriage based only on passion on the part of Lydia and economic consideration on the part of Wickham. Wickham’s flight is occasioned by his mounting debts and only when Darcy is ready to pay off the debts he marries Lydia. Such a marriage is bound to be unsuccessful and sink into indifference. The Lydia-Wickham marriage based as it is on the wrong considerations of infatuation and economics, highlights by contrast the propriety of the Darcy - Elizabeth marriage.

Relevance to Theme of Parenthood

      Lydia is relevant also to the theme of parenthood in the novel. Lydia’s Dirtatiousness and her lack of moral sense is a criticism of the inadequacy of her parents. Mrs. Bennet is a woman of mean understanding and Mr. Bennet has cynically withdrawn himself from any moral responsibility towards his family. Their unhappy marriage affects the daughters who are Highly and immature except for Jane and Elizabeth. Mr. Bennet is morally culpable in allowing Lydia to go to Brighton in spile of Elizabeth’s warning regarding Lydia’s exuberant spirits. He is wrong in being willing to buy personal peace at the cost of family honour and the result is Lydia’s elopement with Wickham and the disgrace it brings to the entire family even jeopardizing the marital prospects of the two elder Bennet sisters.

      Thus, the Lydia-Wickhum episode is relevant and integral to the novel Pride and Prejudice, both thematically and structurally.

University Questions

Discuss the significance of the Lydia-Wickham episode.
The Lydia-Wickham episode is integrally related to the main
Elizabeth—Darcy plot. Elucidate.

Previous Post Next Post