Margaret C. Anderson: Contribution as American Editor

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      Margaret Carolyn Anderson (1886-1973) as a editor from 1914 to 1929 of the American avant-garde literary magazine, The Little Review. Anderson was one of the 'movers and shakers' who opened a window for modern art. Born in Indianapolis, and raised in Columbus, Indiana, Anderson succinctly remarked 'I liked my home and disliked my family. She escaped as soon as she could to Chicago and founded The Little Review on a shoestring. She fended off a takeover bid from Amy (Lawrence) Lowell, and sought support from well-heeled society matrons.

      Margaret was joined by Jane Heap as assistant editor in 1916 ('You're the buzz and I'm the sting’, Heap said), and moved the magazine to New York the following year. She published Pound, and through him came to be a vehicle for the writers (Eliot, Lewis, Joyce) he was assembling under the banner of modernism. 'One can trust M. C. A., Pound wrote of Anderson, 'to die on the bayonets, but not bring up the water and hard tack'. The moment of bayonets came in 1918 when she began to publish Joyce's Ulysses. Anderson was prosecuted in 1920 and fined $100 for publishing an obscenity. The New York Times did not defend her. The magazine was moved to Paris in 1923, where Anderson became a disciple of the mystic Gurdjieff. She published two volumes of autobiography; My Thirty Years' War (1930) and The Fiery Fountains (1953), and edited The Little Review Anthology (1953).

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