Lemuel Haynes: Contribution to American Literature

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      Lemuel Haynes (1753-1833), born in freedom, was an evangelical minister along with Jupiter Hammon and Phyllis Wheatley. He helped to organize the first significant body of African American writing, founded on revivalist rhetoric and evolutionary discourse. In one of his addresses, Haynes unties that “Liberty Further Extended Or Free Free Thoughts on the Illegality of Slave keeping” (written early in his career and freedom is an innate principle’ which is immovably placed in the human Species’; ‘it is Jewel’ he declares which was handed down to man from the cabinet of haven, and is Coeval with his Existence.’ He summarily says that the practice of slave keeping which so much abounds in this Land is illicit.’ Skillfully using the pronouncement that Cod made of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell upon the face of the earth’. Haynes’s final advice was also to break way with the intolerable yokes like that of slavery.

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