Important Dates, Events & Timeline in Ernest Hemingway's Life

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Born on July 21, in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago, Illinois, the second of six children of Clarence Edmunds Hemingway, M.D., and Grace Hall Hemingway.

Starts writing seriously under the influence of, and with encouragement from, Miss Dixon, his English teacher, for the school weekly newspaper, Trapeze.

Publishes his first short story, “Judgment of Manitou” in imitation of Ring Lardner.

Graduates from Oak Park High School; is rejected by the U.S. Army because of an injured eye; migrates to Canada and works as a cub reporter on Kansas City Star.

Goes to Italy as a Red Cross ambulance driver with the rank of an honorary lieutenant; his legs are severely injured by mortar fragments and heavy machine-gun fire on the midnight of July 8, two weeks before his nineteenth birthday, near Fossalta di Piave.

Receives his discharge from the Italian Army on July 4. Accepts the editorship of Cooperative. Commonwealth, the journal of the cooperative societies of the United States.

Marries Hadley Richardson, who was a couple of years older than him; joins The Daily Star and The Star Weekly of Toronto (Canada), as a reporter.

Is sent abroad by the Star group of newspapers as their foreign correspondent, with headquarters in Paris.

Reports on the Greco-Turk war. Later uses this experiences in A Farewell to Arms.

Returns to America for on the birth of his first son. Publishes Three Stories and Ten Poems from Paris, containing “Up in Michigan”, “Out of Season’’, “My Old Man”.

Publishes In our time in Paris, a collection of miniatures, of thirty-two pages.

Boni & Liveright publish In Our Time, his first book in the U.S., containing fourteen short stories plus the miniatures of the Paris edition of In our time.

Boni & Liveright refuse The Torrents of Spring, which is then published by Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, in May. Later, in October they also publish The Sun Also Rises. Starts an affair with Pauline Pfeiffer, a friend of Hadley. She was a dark-haired fashion writer for Vogue, posted in Paris.

Divorces Hadley to be able to marry Pauline. Publishes Men Without Women, a collection of fourteen short stories, ten of which had already appeared in magazines.

Acquires a home at Key West, Florida, where he lives with Pauline for the next ten years. Develops deep-sea fishing as a hobby, and acquires Pilar, a forty-foot boat for the purpose.

His father commits suicide. Publishes A Farewell to Arms, his first commercial success; 80,000 copies sold in the first four months.

Publishes Death in the Afternoon, a classic on bull-fighting, and incidentally on aesthetics too.

Publishes The Winner Takes Nothing, a collection of fourteen short stories. His first, of the thirty-one articles and short stories to appear in Esquire during the next six years, is published.

Catches his first giant marlin; goes to Africa for big game hunting, the cost being written off by Pauline’s uncle.

Publishes Green Hills of Africa, based on his experiences of the African safari; goes to Bimini for giant marlin fishing, where he establishes records for three years in succession.

Travels extensively in Spain, and America to raise money for the Loyalist cause in Spain... Collects 40,000 dollars by writing and speaking. Covers the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspapers Alliance. Prepares a movie also for raising money for the Loyalists. Publishes To Have and Have Not.

Publishes The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories, containing the play, the short stories in the previous three collections, plus seven previously published stories in magazines.

Pauline divorces him for desertion; he marries Martha Gellhorn whom he had met in Spain during the Spanish Civil War, and fell in love with; publishes For Whom the Bell Tolls, his best-selling book.

Publishes Men at War, a collection of war stories and accounts, edited and with an introduction by Hemingway.

Converts Pilar into a Q-boat to hunt Nazi U-boats, off the shore of Cuba, and is commended for his initiative and bravery.

Goes to the U.K. to fly with the Royal Air Force.

Attaches himself to the 22nd regiment of the Third Army, after the D-Day; officially a correspondent, actually a combatant who claims that he liberated the Ritz Hotel in Paris from the Nazi forces.

Is decorated with the Bronze Star; divorces Martha to marry Mary Welsh, his fourth wife.

Publishes Across the River and Into the Trees, which is severely criticized by the critics.

The Old Man and the Sea is published in Life on September 1, and is an immediate success.

After his two air-crashes in Africa, Hemingway becomes a different personality—obsessed with worries of failures and money; is admitted to Mayo Clinic on two occasions for psychological problems.

Wins Nobel Prize for literature; cited for “forceful and style making mastery of the art of modern narration” and faithfully depicting the “hard countenance of the age”.

Dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound on July 2, in his Ketchum (Idaho) home.

The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War are published posthumously.

Islands in the Stream is published posthumously; it is edited by his biographer, Carlos Baker.

Charles Scribner’s Sons publish The Enduring Hemingway: An Anthology of a Lifetime in Literature.

Mary Hemingway publishes her autobiography: The Way It Was, about the years she spent with Hemingway.

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