Gitanjali Poem no. 84 || Summary and Analysis

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It is the pang of separation that spreads throughout the world and gives birth to shapes innumerable in the infinite sky.

It is this sorrow of separation that gazes in silence all night from star to star and becomes lyric among rustling leaves in rainy darkness of July.

It is this overspreading pain that deepens into loves and desires, into sufferings and joys in human homes; and this it is that ever melts and flows in songs through my poet's heart.

It is the pang of separation that spreads throughout the world and gives birth to shapes innumerable in the infinite sky.
Gitanjali Poem no. 84

Summary

      The lyric sings the song of separation but here the difference is that the poet sings this song with a different mood in comparison to the previously sung. The approach is of optimism rather than the depression. The pain of seperation is spread all over the world. The divine solution put a barrier in His soul and hence created the creation out of that separated part which gave birth to numberless shapes in the limitless sky. The sorrow of seperation pervades all Nature from the sky to the earth. It spreads from star to star and is heard in the rustling of the leaves in the dark rainy months of July. The pain which spreads every where deepens into love and desires and into suffering and joys in the homes of mankind. It manifests itself in the songs of the poet. The pang of sorrow pervades the universe. The desire for union is as acute in the infinite God as it is in the finite man. It is this urge for unity which impells all creation.

Critical Analysis

      The yearning for union is the cause of all creation in the Universe. Seperation seems to be welcomed because it is on account of this that the stars shine in the sky, there is lyric music of the July rain and the song of the poet.

"It is this overspreading pain that deepens into loves and desires, into sufferings and joys in human homes, and this it is that ever melts and flows in songs through my poet's heart"

      The pang of separation is flowing everywhere. The realisation of God and one's separation from Him gives rise to an intense longing to join Him. This pang of separation pervades all Nature from the sky to the earth. It spreads from star to star and is heard in the rustling of the leaves in the dark rainy months of July. It manifests itself in human loves and desires, joys and sorrows, and in the songs of the poet.

      But this is the yearning for union that made God create universe. The man takes birth again and again for his perfection and enjoys the bliss of God, His heavenly presence to elevate his joys. In other words separation seems to be welcomed because it is on account of this the stars shine in the sky, there is lyric music of the July rain, and the song of the poet.

Annotations

      Pang: sharp pain. Infinite: without limit. That gazes in silence: The stars are sad that they have been separated from God. In their yearning to be rejoined with Him, they keep silently gazing at each other all the night. Rustling: producing a soft sound. Overspreading: pervasive.

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